Barberry is a commonly grown at homes for show purpose. The bush is also grown into hedges as the thorns of the bush serve as an effective barricade. Barberry can survive and grow well in most light and soil conditions. This makes Barberry Bush a popular choice among the cultivated garden bushes.
If you have planted Barberry at your home or are planning to cultivate it, you should know how to care for it. Barberry Bush care includes a number of things regular pruning, watering, etc. Light pruning can be done any time in the year. This can help you remove dead and infested leaves. It also ensures that the plant maintains a good growth throughout the season. While doing light pruning, you can cut down branches that may be rubbing together and hindering growth. However, avoid unnecessary pruning in winter and late fall. Renewal pruning of the bush is also done where the plant is cut short. This is usually done in late dormant season.
Though the Barberry Bush is usually resistant to most common plant diseases, it still needs protection against some diseases such as Verticillium Wilt, Stem Rust, Leaf Spot, etc. You should be aware of the signs of these diseases so that you can take the right steps. Verticillium Wilt is a fungal disease that is caused by Verticillium dahlia, and Verticillium albo-atrum. Common symptoms of the disease include dead leaves, discoloration, drooping branches, etc. The disease is fatal if not treated within time. Stem Rust is another disease that affects the plant. Symptoms include Red-Brown growths on the bush. If not treated the growths may burst resulting in faster spread of disease.
The structure of the Barberry is characteristics of dimorphic shoots. It has two shoots – long and short. The long shoots consist of Non-Photosynthetic leaves. They grow into Three-Spined thorns that are around three millimeter long. Photosynthesis leaves grow from axial openings of the thorns. The leaves grow up to 1 cm long. Leaves grow on long shoots when the seedling is new. After an age of one year, the plant develops leaves that similar to adult foliage style.
Different varieties of Barberry Bush are available throughout the world. Asia, Africa, and South America have the most diverse specimens of the plant. Europe and North America have only few specimens of the plants. Some species of the plant are also used for the medicinal purposes. Its bark, root, and stem are also used in making yellow dye extract.
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